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Active Directory is a directory service created by Microsoft for Windows domain networks. Server computers that run Active Directory are called domain controllers. An AD domain controller authenticates and authorizes all users and computers in a Windows domain.
Installing Active Directory Domain Services for SCCM
We will now look at installing active directory domain services for SCCM. As an example, Active Directory Domain Service role will be installed on Windows Server 2008 R2. On the Task bar click on Server manager to bring up this window. Click on Add Roles.
Select Active Directory Domain Services from list of Roles
Click on Add Required Features
This page provides information about Active Directory Domain Services. Click Next.
Selections that you made during the above steps is shown on the confirm installation selection page. Click on Install to proceed.
The Active Directory Domain Service role is yet to be installed, so click on “Close this wizard and launch Active Directory…” to start the setup. You can also run dcpromo to initiate the ADDS setup.
Select “Use Advanced Mode Installation” and click Next.
We will be creating a new domain in the new forest. Choose Create a new domain in a new forest.
for this lab the domain name will be PRAJWAL.LOCAL
A NetBIOS Name is a unique identifier, up to 15 characters long with a 16th character type identifier, that NetBIOS services use to identify resources on a network running NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT). NetBios name for my lab will be PRAJWAL.
Select Windows Server 2008 R2 as forest functional level and click next.
The DNS server will be installed on the same machine
The Active Directory database is stored in a file called NTDS.dit. The log files are stored in a separate file called NTDS.log. SYSVOL provides a standard location to store important elements of Group Policy objects (GPOs) and scripts so that the File Replication service (FRS) can distribute them to other domain controllers within that domain.
Directory Services Restore Mode (DSRM) is a special boot mode for repairing or recovering Active Directory. It is used to log on to the computer when Active Directory has failed or needs to be restored. Provide a complex password and click next.
Check Reboot on Completion.
Wait for sometime to complete the installation After the reboot, once you Login, Under system properties you will find your domain name.
Congratulations, you have successfully installed Active Directory Domain Services.